FAQ - Frequently Ask Questions

Diabetes - turned life uneasy
What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease of the Pancreas (part of digestive system), it is located behind stomach and produces a secretion called Insulin; which is important to metabolize sugar and starch from diet and plays important role in digestion and regulating blood sugar level. The well known role of Insulin is to maintained the concentration of glucose in blood, and allow the body cells to use glucose for energy for our day to day conduct. When Pancreas

  • Unable to make Insulin, or.
  • Produce less quantity of Insulin or,
  • Low quality of insulin, which does not work as it should be,
  • as a result Blood sugar level increased and this condition is called Hyperglycemia or Diabetes.  

What causes Diabetes ?

Researches established the following reasons may increase your chance of getting diabetes -

  • Family history of diabetes
  • Chemicals ( by indirect use of fertilizers; uses of medicines as a steroids etc.)
  • Sedentary life style without exposure to Sun light
  • Faulty dietary habits ( High calories diet, Fast food, Junk foods and more use of carbonated drinks)
  • Over weight
  • Regular severe stress
  • Racial  (African-American, Hispanic, Native American or Asian-American race or ethnic background)
  • Pregnancy (During Pregnancy puts extra stress on a woman's body due various hormones,that causes 3-4% women to develop diabetes.


What are the types of diabetes?

There are two types of diabetes: type-1, type-2 and type-3.

Type 1 diabetes

In this type of diabetes Pancreas produces very little or no Insulin, and occurs mostly under the age of 16 years.

Type 2 diabetes

In this type of diabetes Pancreas produces Insulin but the quality and quantity  doesn't work as it hould. It occurs most often above the age of above 40years.

Type 3 diabetes

Called Gestational Diabetes, developed during pregnancy and disappear or blood sugar return back normal after child birth. It occurs it those female have strong family history of diabetes.

What are the treatments for diabetes?

There are two types of treatment of diabetes -

  • Non-Pharmacological – Diet, Exercise and Diabetic education, usually it is suggested in Pre-diabetics and new diagnosed
    type-2 diabetic patients.
    • Diet – Low calories but high in nutrition, Fast or Junk food, deep fried food must be avoided.
    • Exercise – It should be part of life and in office or home One should be active, playing with kids is also a good option.
    • Education – Diabetic education is also an important part, One must know about this life style-disease, diet management, Proper right time investigations and consultation with an  Diabetologist.                                
  • Pharmacological – Means blood sugar level control with medication including diet, exercise and education. Medication depends on the type of diabetes as follows -
    • For type1 – Different type of Insulin shots are required for controlling the blood sugar level
    • For type2 – Different types of oral medicines are required, but in the case of OHGA (Oral Hypo Glycemic Agents) failure due to various causes   Insulin could be added to control blood sugar level.
     
Type 1 diabetes -

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes appears sudden which are -
  • Increased thirst
  • Dryness in mouth
  • Increased  frequency of urine
  • Increased Hunger
  • Weight loss (even though you are eating and feel hungry)
  • Weak, tired feeling all the day
  • Blurred vision

Type 2 diabetes

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes comes very slowly and patient is unable to notice them as time passes noticeable and complex symptoms occurs  which are as under-

  • Blurred vision
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased frequency of urine
  • Increased appetite
  • Blurred vision
  • Weight loss
  • Slow healing sores or cuts
  • Yeast or mixed infection in penis or Vagina
  • Itchy skin (usually in the vaginal or groin area)
 
How can I know if I have Diabetes?

In most of the cases it comes in the knowledge accidentally, when person goes for insurance policy or surgical operation. But any health care provider or good pathological lab can tell you by your blood or urine test.

Normal Value –
  • Fasting Blood Sugar: 70 – 100 mg   %;  if more  or Hba1c – > 5.7 %  than Diabetes
  • Post Meal B. Sugar : 100 – 120 mg %;  if more  or Hba1c -  > 6.2 %  than Diabetes

Can Diabetes be cured?

No, It is non curable disease, can be treated and controlled only by regular medication, life style and dietary modification.

What will happen if diabetes is uncontrolled -

Diabetes is  a very complex and expensive disease, when it remains uncontrolled leads to micro and macro vascular damage called Diabetic complications which are as under-

  • Blindness and other Eye Disease
  • Heart disease including High or low blood pressure
  • Kidney disease
  • Impotency in male and female
  • Infertility in male and female
  • Nerve damage diseases resulting pain and loss of sensation
  • Feet infection may leads to amputation ( Loss of Limb)
  • Memory loss, Gum diseases and many other.
  • (Feeling of pain is reduced by 40-60% in Diabetic patients)

What are the symptoms of low blood sugar?

If Blood sugar level come down less than 60 mg % in any individual, then following symptoms occurs –

Early symptoms
  • Feeling of weakness(sudden)
  • Feeling of mild to moderate dizziness
  • Feeling  hungry
  • Fine tremors
  • Feeling shaky
  • Random Sweating
  • Have a pounding heart
  • Have pale and dry skin
  • Feeling frightened or anxious

If patient avoid these symptoms then

Late symptoms comes as -
  • Feeling of confusion
  • Mild to moderate headache
  • Feel cranky
  • Poor coordination in activity
  • Have bad dreams or nightmares
  • Unable to concentrate on one subject
  • Feel  numbness in your mouth and tongue
  •  

What are the risk factors for type 2 diabetes?

If age 45 or above.
  • Sedentary or inactive life style.
  • Obese or Over weight
  • Family history, If parent, brother, sister or any sibling have diabetes.
  • If family background is African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, or Pacific Islander American or migrant to other country.
  • If history of Gestational diabetes.
  • At the time of birth baby is under weight or over weight.
  • If systolic or upper blood pressure is above 140 mm of Hg and Diastolic or lower is above 90 mm of Hg..
  • If Cholesterol levels, triglycerides are higher than 250 mg% and good cholesterol HDL is less than 35 mg%.
  • If consume more than three days rich diet in a week.
  • In any random previous testing, HbA1c level of 5.7 to 6.4 % or three times blood sugar level were found High.
  • If female  have poly-cystic ovary syndrome, known as  PCOS or PCOD
  • If a person dark , velvety-black lines (called acanthosis nigricans) around neck  or armpits.
  • If history of cardiovascular disease.

What is Pre-diabetes?

Pre-diabetes means your blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. People with pre-diabetes are at an increased risk for developing type-2 diabetes and for heart disease and stroke. The good news is that if you have pre-diabetes, you can reduce your risk of type-2 diabetes by GRASS prediction.

Can Diabetes be preventable?

International Researches shown that there are some ways of preventing type-2 diabetes, or at least push-back its onset. Lifestyle changes, dietary modification are two ways to help ward off type 2 diabetes; some home recipes may play an important role in it, GRASS is the solution for the same.

What is a GRASS (Genetic Risk Assessment Scoring System)?

Grass risk assessment is a on line venerable tool, it require some dietary and life style inputs along with your diabetes family history inputs and  predict the risk, susceptibility and at which age you will get diabetes, and suggest dietary, life style modification with kitchen spices recipes to push back diabetes. 

Why one should go for Diabetes Risk Assessment?

387 million peoples are suffering from diabetes internationally, as per different research studies confirm that the same number are un-diagnosed and pre-diabetic; some other studies says that 9.4 % population are suffering from diabetes and over 18 million of these people are un-diagnosed.
It is important  if you go for risk assessment to see wether  you may be at risk for having or for developing diabetes, than measure for prevention or push back diabetes can be taken.

What will be the benefits to assess diabetes risk through GRASS?

Diabetes is a degenerative disease and required regular consultation, medication and pathological tests means regular financial burden. It reduces quality of life and also cut short life by 5-7 years. GRASS provides you complete Diabetes status and solution for quality of life.

My father/Mother/Parents has diabetes. Does that raise my risk?

YES, if  any close family member like father/ mother/ brother/ sister is having  Diabetes, than you have  risk of developing type 1 by about 5 % and type 2 diabetes by more than 30 percent, if both mother and father have diabetes than risk of diabetes increased by more than 60%.

Ise Type-2 diabetes  Hereditary?

YES, If someone in your close family member has diabetes type-2 than you may be next victim of diabetes, because of genetic algorithm mapping.

Are my children at risk?

Yes, Type 2 diabetes is a genetic disease. The risk of diabetes is multi-fold, when multiple family members have diabetes; it trigger earlier if  the children are overweight, sedentary and consume more Junk food and carbonated drinks.

What is the Glycemic index (GI) and why is it important?

The Glycemic index is a number that indicates how rapidly a given food releases sugar into your bloodstream. A food with a high GI releases sugar into the blood quickly e. g  Sugar, Potato and fine rice and corn products etc. Diabetic patients should Choose low-Glycemic-index foods, will help to prevent blood sugar from rapidly rising in to the blood.

Complementary and Alternative medicines (CAMs) or holistic or herbal/Ayurvedic medication useful for Diabetes Prevention?

YES, but the properties of each herb have variation of its effect in every individual, so should be taken strictly with proper counselling and with life style modification. Some popular herbs are used by the diabetic patients are as under-

Gymnema sylvestre (gymnema), Daru Haridra (Barbarine) Methi Seed (Trigonella foenum graecum), Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia), Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia), Jambu fruit (Eugenia jambolana), Holy basil (Ocimum sanctum), Bilva (Aegle marmelos), Garlic (Allium sativum), Ghrit kumari (Aloe Vera), Turmeric (Curcuma longa), Bay leaves(Cinnamomnm leaves), Dalchini (Cinnamomnm zeylanicum), Curry leaves (Murraya koenigii), Amala (Emblica offcinalis), Ginger (Zingiber officinalie), Neem (Azadirachta indica) and Asian Ginseng (Panex ginseng).

Strong family history predicts a younger age of onset for subjects diagnosed with type 2 diabetes with GRASS-DIABETES.